If a cruise to Antarctica is on your bucket list, there's a lot to think about when it comes to voyaging to the planet's southern-most continent.
here's still a lot of things we don't know about Antarctica. The last discovered and least explored continent of Antarctica holds many mysteries, but the things early explorers and modern-day scientists have discovered are quite amazing.
From alien-finding bacteria to animals tapping into the Earth's magnetic field, here are 10 of the top scientific discoveries in Antarctica.
Earlier this year scientists discovered five new fossil forests on the planet's southern-most continent. The discovery nearly doubled the amount of fossil forests scientists had believed to exist on what is now the world's largest desert. Fossils were of hardy plants that lived sometime around 300 to 200 million years ago.
A 2017 study from the International Journal of Science revealed the desert soils of Antarctica harbor rich microbial life that can live with very little sun, no geothermal energy, and limited nutrients. The study says that "although more extensive sampling is required to verify whether this process is widespread in terrestrial Antarctica and other oligotrophic habitats, our results provide new understanding of the minimal nutritional requirements for life and open the possibility that atmospheric gases support life on other planets."
Scientists using satellite technology to monitor the continent spotted a hole the size of Maine in 2017, the largest found on Antarctica since the 1970s. Known as a polynya, the hole was about 30,000 square miles.
In 2014, the National Science Foundation announced that scientists discovered Weddell seals may have a sixth sense! "Weddell seals have biological adaptations that allow them to dive deep--as much as of hundreds of meters--while hunting, but also an uncanny ability to find the breathing holes they need on the surface of the ice..by using the Earth's magnetic field as a natural GPS."
Using a Krypton-dating technology, scientists confirmed the age of an Antarctic ice sample. The result: 120,000 year-old ice. The discovery of the ice's age allows scientists to explore Earth's climate much farther back into history and potentially lead to a better understanding of the mechanisms that cause the planet to shift into and out of ice ages.
The Arctic and Antarctica might seem quite similar at first glance: Mountainous, snow-covered landscapes and icebergs, whales, and nesting seabirds by the tens of thousands. But they are polar opposites – literally – and in many other ways you might not expect.
Each Summer during June or July, Poseidon Expeditions begins its North Pole season. The international expedition team leads three voyages a year to the geographic North Pole, hosting travelers from across the globe.
When summer arrives in the Northern Hemisphere, there's only one place Jan Bryde wants to be: In the middle of the Arctic Ocean, high atop the world at the North Pole.
Every trip, every destination, and every adventure has a "Why" and for every traveler, that "Why" is different. Antarctica and the islands of the Southern Ocean are no exception.
Antarctica often feels so removed from the rest of the world; it is easy to forget that getting there requires going through some other fabulous destinations, too.
Polar expedition cruises to the Antarctic Peninsula, South Georgia, and the Falkland Islands typically embark in one area of Argentina, and sometimes disembark in another, providing the perfect opportunity to include some Argentine sights at the beginning or end of your voyage.
While Poseidon Expeditions prides itself on having a nimble ship, the 114-passenger Sea Spirit is still a boat of substantial size.